Fifth Year | Fall 18’
Project done in collaboration with Yugyeong Lee
Wood is arguably architecture’s original additive material. Epitomized through Laughier’s myth of the primitive hut the birth of architecture beyond the cave is inextricably tied to the tree. Despite the virtues of the material, modernism largely passed by wood in pursuit of new technologies and the promise of steel and concrete. Although the spatial, aesthetic and structural affordances of these materials are universally accepted, the ecological impact of their production are increasingly difficult to ignore. Tree’s natural carbon capturing abilities, relatively short replenishment rate and abundance within responsibly managed forests make a compelling case for building with timber.
With a material centric agenda, this studio sought to explore what it might mean to build with wood at a larger scale in the city, how the use of the material might establish a novel architectural scenario. The studio aimed to challenge notions of permanence and exploit timber’s qualities for formal and organizational innovation.
The culminating studio project focused on the design of a food market hall and mid-rise hotel tower that utilizes timber material systems to consider the internalized social spaces of the city of Montreal.
Our decision to build three separate buildings originated from the desire to separate the guest experience in the hotel from the public going to the market. Our aim was to be able to expose both publics to both programs while at the same time maintaining the integrity of the three building designs. Urbanistically, the three buildings create a public path running through the internal part of the site that connects the public parks surrounding the site. The three buildings are split based on their programs, the tower, is located in the northern part of the site.
The market building is split in two, one serving a food hall public, located adjacent to the hotel tower and the other market building is designed for daily revenue with produce and is located on the opposite side of the site. The ground floor, shown on this drawing is the most public part of all building and serves to unify all design programs. The tower ground floor consists of the most public program requirements, the lobby, restaurant and bar which is accessible to the general public, not just guests.
The facade of the tower is mainly made out of floor to ceiling glass panels in order to maximize the amount of natural light into the mostly solid wall building. The glass facade in the tower and the market play with the floor plate and entrances, sometimes moving back to bring people into the market for example and receding for some of the guest rooms so that these can be read as separate units on the facade.
The CLT room partition walls allowed for no light to seep into the circulation area of the upper floors. As a solution we opened the center part of the building to make room for a glass atrium that went from the second floor of the building all the way to the roof. This also created some outdoor area on the 2nd floor of the tower for guests.